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Antonio Egas Moniz

* 1874 in Avanca/Estarreja
+ 1955 in Lisbon


   



António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, known as Egas Moniz,
was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral angiography.
He is regarded as one of the founders of modern psychosurgery,
having developed the surgical procedure leucotomy —​ known better today as lobotomy —​
for which he became the first Portuguese national to receive a Nobel Prize in 1949 (shared with Walter Rudolf Hess).



2021 J. Giesen